Web Development Basics

If you are an aspiring web developer, you need to learn the web development basics. The solid foundation will help you a long way in the area of web development.

The basics of web development

In order to become a good web developer, you need to learn following terminologies first. These are the pillars of web development.


The HTML is a very basic term that you will come across in the field of web development. What does HTML stand for? The full form of HTML is Hyper Text Markup Language. HTML is the scripting language that is used to construct the web.

The latest version of HTML at the time of writing this article is HTML5. The main focus of HTML5 is on meeting the needs of web developers and also on resolving the issues found in previous versions of HTML.


CSS is another basic stuff used by all websites. CSS is the short form of Cascading Style Sheets. The CSS is used to describe layout, font color font face, size etc of the website.

Basically the design elements of a website are described in a CSS file and placed on the web server.

Web host

A web host allows your website to be accessible via world wide web. A web host is a company that provides you space on a server where you can put your HTML and/or script files, CSS files, images etc.

Basically all the elements that comprise of the website are placed on web host.

Content management systems

Most of the websites now use content management systems or CMS. What is a CMS? A CMS is a ready made software package that you can install on your web host, do a little customization if you want and you are good to go. CMS allows you to manage and add content easily.

Even the users who are not so tech savvy can easily add content to the website without the need to know any technical stuff. As the name suggests, CMS makes it easy to manage the content.

Cross browser compatibility

While developing the website, you should always keep in mind that there are several web browsers out there.

Everyone will not be using the same web browser that you are using. So better design a website that is compatible with all leading web browsers. Also don’t forget to test it on leading web browsers to see how it looks on those browsers.


Search engine optimization or SEO is something that every web developer should understand. The website you develop must be designed in such a way that it is optimized for search engines.

Yes, the structure of the website should be designed in such a way that it’s SEO friendly. It starts right from the design phase. Then only you would be able to acheive the right search engine optimized website.

There are several free resources online, such as w3schools that you can use to learn the basics of web development, HTML, CSS and other web development related terms that you need to know.